Volume 12, Number 46 (fall 2009)                   JCPP 2009, 12(46): 803-812 | Back to browse issues page


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Barahimi N, Afyuni M, Karami M, Rezaee Nejad Y. Cumulative and Residual Effects of Organic Amendments on Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Concentrations in Soil and Wheat . JCPP. 2009; 12 (46) :803-812
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1160-en.html

, rezainejad@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (17273 Views)
Compost and sewage sludge contain high concentration of plant nutrients and, thus, have been used extensively as an inexpensive fertilizer. The objective of this study was to evaluate cumulative and residual effects of compost, sewage sludge and cow manure on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in soil and wheat. The experiment included compost, sewage sludge and cow manure, each applied at 3 rates (25, 50 and 100 Mg ha-1), a chemical fertilizer (250 kg ha-1 amonium phosphate + urea) and a control plot with 3 replications. The experimental design consisted in completely randomized blocks with treatments arranged in split plots. To study the cumulative and residual effects of the organic amendments, application was repeated on four fifths of each plot in the second year. Wheat was grown in the plots. The results showed that one application (residual effect) of organic amendments had not significant effect on total N in soil and wheat leaves and stem, but it led to significant increase of available phosphorus and potassium in soil and wheat leaves and stem. Cumulative effects of organic amendments significantly (P≤ 0.05) increased the total N (in 50 and 100 Mg ha-1 Cow manure and 100 Mg ha-1 Compost treatments), available P in all organic treatments and K (in all Compost and Cow manure treatments) in soil. Also, cumulative effects of organic amendments significantly (P≤ 0.05) increased the N (in 100 Mg ha-1 sewage sludge), P (in 100 Mg ha-1 compost) and K (in all organic treatments with the exception of 25 Mg ha-1 Compost) concentrations in leaves and stem.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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