Volume 6, Number 2 (summer 2002)                   JCPP 2002, 6(2): 169-176 | Back to browse issues page

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G. Tahmasebi, R. Ebadi, N. Tajabadi, M. Akhondi, S. Faraj. The Effects of Geographical and Climatological Conditions on the morphological Variation and Separation of Iranian Small Honeybee (Apis florea F.) Populations. JCPP. 2002; 6 (2) :169-176
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-184-en.html

Abstract:   (19995 Views)
Small honeybee (Apis florea) is one of the common species in Iran. Apis florea lives in southern Iran and plays an important role in the polination of plants in this region. In a series of studies during the years 1997-1998, the genetic populations of the Iranian small honeybee and the effects of geographic and climatic conditions on the morphological variation and separation of Iranian small honeybee were investigated. For this purpose, 400 samples of worker bees from 40 colonies from 26 cities in 9 provinces were collected and twelve morphological characters were measured, using Ruttner method (1978). To determine geographical and climatological variables, average values collected by synoptic stations and other meteorological stations of Iran Meteorological Organization were used. The principal components analysis was used in the statistical analysis of the data obtained. The results show that there exist two distinct groups of small honeybee populations in Iran. Southwest of Iran hosts a class of bigger bees forming one distinct group while southeast of Iran hosts smaller bees forming the second group. Latitude has a positive correlation with size of body, wings and legs. Amount of precipitation has a nagative correlation with size of body, wings and legs. Temperature, wind speed. relative humidity, freezing days and other parameters did not show any correlations with size of body. The results from this research proved that the more northern areas with higher altitudes and more precipitation have bigger honeybees. This finding is in accordance with the Bergman law about other animals.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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