Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2003)                   2003, 7(1): 155-167 | Back to browse issues page

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A. Azari, M.R. Khajehpour. Effects of Planting Pattern on Growth, Development, Yield Components and Seed Yield of Safflower, Local Variety of Isfahan, Koseh, in Spring Planting. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2003; 7 (1) :155-167
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-391-en.html
Abstract:   (12334 Views)
Planting pattern through changing vegetative growth and utilization of environmental resourses affects yield components and seed yield. These effects were studied in the spring of 2000 at the Agricultural Research Station, Isfahan University of Technology, using a randomized complete block design with a split plot layout and three replications. Main plots consisted of three row distances (30 cm flat, and 45 and 60 cm on bed), and sub-plots included three planting densities (30, 40, and 50 plants m-2). The experiment was planted on March 13 using local safflower variety of Isfahan, named Koseh. Increase in row distance and plant density enhanced most developmental stages of safflower. Leaf area index was not significantly affected by row distance but increased as planting density increased. Up to the 50% flowering stage, 30 cm row distance produced highest plant dry weight, but had the least dry weight at the end of the growing season, probably due to the strong shedding of leaves. Up to the end of flowering stage, 50 plants m-2 treatment produced the highest plant dry weight, but ranked lower as compared to 30 plants m-2 treatment at the physiological maturity, probably due to the shedding of leaves. Row distance had no significant effect on number of branches per plant and per square meter, number of heads per branch, number of seeds per head, 1000-seed weight and harvest index. But number of heads per plant and per square meter as well as seed yield per plant and per square meter significantly decreased as planting distance increased. Plant density had no significant effect on number of branches per plant, number of heads per square meter, number of seeds per head, 1000-seed weight and seed yield. Increase in planting density increased number of branches per square meter, but reduced number of heads per branch and per plant, seed yield per plant and harvest index. The highest seed yield (4769 kg ha-1) was obtained with 30 cm row distance and 40 plants m-2 treatment. On average, 397 kg ha-1 petal was harvested, which has a large economic value. However, petal clipping, over all treatments, reduced seed yield by about 7.4%. Considering the advantages of uniform distribution of plants and adaptation of safflower to flat planting, 30 cm row distance with 40 plants m-2 might be appropriate for planting safflower under conditions similar to this experiment.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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