Volume 4, Issue 2 (summer 2000)                   JCPP 2000, 4(2): 129-139 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (29807 Views)
The esterification process causes some desirable changes in physicochemical properties of fat by exchanging the acyl groups in triglyceride molecules. The aim of this study was to produce a suitable edible fat for industrial and home uses. In this study a mixture of 60 percent soybean oil and 40 percent edible tallow were inter-esterified, using 0.5 percent sodium methylate or ethylate as catalyst. The results obtained for solid fat contents and melting points indicated that the process of inter-esterification was accomplished in 30 minutes at 90°C. It was also observed that sodium methylate and. ethylate had similar effects on physical and chemical characteristics of the esterified blend. Iodine and saponification values indicated that the esterification process did not have any considerable effect on the degree of unsaturation or molecular weight of fatty acids. The peroxide values showed that the processing condition did not produce any peroxide. The esterified blend contained 1.10 percent trans fatty acids, which were originally present in the tallow. It is concluded that interesterification of soybean oil and edible beef tallow can be used as an alternative method to hydrogenation to produce a suitable plastic fat with low levels of trans fatty acids for the manufacture of different types of margarines and fats for home uses.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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