Volume 3, Issue 7 (6-2013)                   JCPP 2013, 3(7): 73-83 | Back to browse issues page


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Baluch-Zehi A, Kiani G, Bagheri N. Investigation of Genetic Distance among Parental Lines of Hybrid Rice Based on Cluster Analysis of Morphological Traits . JCPP. 2013; 3 (7) :73-83
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1805-en.html

Dept. of Biotech. and Plant Breed., Sari Agric. Sci. and Natur. Resour. Univ., Sari, Iran. , ghkiani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5845 Views)

  conditions. Thus, these varieties could be suitable option for yield increase and an effective step toward food security. Selection of parental lines has essential role in developing ideal combinations. Therefore, it is essential to study the relationship and genetic diversity among parental lines in hybrid rice. Sixteen hybrid rice parental lines including 6 restorer lines (Poya, Sepidrud, Pajohesh, R2, R9 and IR50) and 5 CMS lines (Neda, Nemat, Dasht, Champa and Amol 3) with their 5 maintainers were studied at Research Farm of Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University during 2011. Analysis of variance showed significant variations for all of the studied traits, which shows great diversity among the genotypes. The number of fertile tillers and length to width ratio of grain showed positive and significant correlation with yield. But, grain width showed negative and significant correlation with yield. Results of principal component analysis revealed that 3 components explained 75.64% of the total variations. Cluster analysis at 15 genetic distance criteria grouped genotypes in 4 clusters. In exploration of heterosis phenomenon, parents must be far away from each other. So, the results of this study suggested crosses between CMS lines of Neda A, Nemat A and Champa A with each of restorer lines R9, R2, IR50 and Poya for experimental hybrid seed production.

 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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