Volume 2, Issue 2 (summer 1998)                   JCPP 1998, 2(2): 17-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (47150 Views)
Seven Iranian and foreign cultivars of rice were crossed in a half-diallel. Parents with F2-generations were transplanted in a randomized complete blocks design with 3 replications and evaluated for length to breath ratio of paddy and brown rice, head rice and crust, grain yield, percent of head rice and broken rice, amylose content, gelatinization temperature and gel consistency. The ANOVA table showed significant differences among genotypes, general combining ability effects for all traits and specific combining ability effects for length to breath ratio of paddy and brown rice, percent of head rice and broken rice, so representing additive and non-additive effects in genetic control of the traits involved, respectively. The graphical analysis of the results showed partial dominance for length to breath ratio of paddy and brown rice, grain yield, amylose content, gelatinization temperature and gel consistency. Because of additive gene effects, genetic advance from selection would be high for these traits. The genetic control of brown rice weight is complete dominance, and for weight of head rice and rice crust weight over dominance involved. So, genetic advance by selection for these traits would be poor. In the genetic control of higher length to breath ratio of paddy and brown rice, brown and head rice weight, grain yield and amylose content recessive genes are involved. Domsiah for higher to breath ratio of paddy and brown rice and Sepidrud for brown and head rice weight had the most recessive genes. IR28 for higher grain yield and Sepidrud for less crust weight had the most recessive genes.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General