Volume 13, Issue 2 (8-2023)                   2023, 13(2): 87-101 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousavi Elyerdi S A, Bahmanyar M A, Sadegh-Zadeh F, Jalili B. Improvement of Yield, Yield Components and the Concentration of Some Nutrients in Rice Leaves by Using Rice Straw and Its Biochar. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2023; 13 (2) :87-101
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-3235-en.html
Sari Agriculture Sciences and Natural Resources University , mali.bahmanyar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (686 Views)
In order to investigate the possibility of improvement of yield, yield components and the concentration of some nutrients in rice leaves (Tarom variety) by using rice straw and its biochar, a factorial experiment was conducted in the form of a randomized complete block design in nine treatments and three replications in the farm of Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, north of Iran, in 2021. The first factor was rice straw (S) at three levels of zero, 2 and 4 tons/ha and the second factor was rice straw biochar (B) at three levels of zero, 1 and 2 tons/ha. The maximum concentration of potassium (1.22%), nitrogen (4.73%) and iron (208 mg/kg) in the flag leaf was observed when rice was grown in the high levels of rice straw and particularly its biochar. Also, the concentration of silicon, manganese and zinc in the flag leaf increased with the increase in the levels of rice straw and its biochar. By increasing the use of rice straw and its biochar, the number of tillers, plant height, panicle length, weight of 1000 seeds and the number of filled seeds increased significantly. The combined use of rice straw and its biochar increased the rice grain yield, indicating a 1.78 times increase in the treatment of 2 tons/ha of rice straw biochar + 4 tons/ha of rice straw (S2B2) compared to the control. Therefore, it can be concluded that the application of 2 tons/ha of biochar and 4 tons/ha of rice straw can lead to the maximum grain yield by increasing the concentration of nutrients in the flag leaf and improving the growth and yield components of rice.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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