Volume 3, Issue 4 (winter 2000)                   2000, 3(4): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page

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Sohrabi T, Khoshkhahesh U. Evaluation of Water Application Efficiency in Rice Fields Under Irrigation Networks of Gilan and Foumanat. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2000; 3 (4) :1-13
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-47-en.html
Abstract:   (12562 Views)
The purpose of this research is to determine the application efficiency of rice irrigation plots and to analyze the reasons for low efficiency. The study will also try to determine the effective factors which could increase the application efficiency of rice fields. The selection of rice fields was based on climate, soil characteristics, and farmer management. Water application efficiency was determined by field measurements in three modern irrigation networks named Fouman (F), Rasht (G) and Lahidjan (D). In the meantime, a traditional network was included for comparison. In the study areas, the soil texture was heavy with an infiltration rate of less than 3 mm/day. The study was carried out under two different conditions: (1) without return flow and (2) with return flow. In the first case, the average application efficiencies in Fouman (F), Rasht (G) and Lahidjan (D) were about 51.2, 49.0 and 49.4 percent, respectively and the maximum and minimum values were about ((52.6, 49.7)), ((50.7 , 47.3)), and ((50.7 , 48.0)) percent, respectively. In the second case, the average application efficiencies for the above-mentioned regions increased to 73.4, 73.3 and 72.4 percent, respectively and the maximum and minimum values were about ((74.3, 72.4)), ((74.3, 72.1)), and ((73.0, 71.5)) percent, respectively. Runoff ratios in the above-mentioned regions were 30, 33 and 31 percent, respectively. During growing period (from transplanting to harvesting), the average applied irrigation water was about 1130 mm (11300 m3/ha) and the average evapotranspiration was determined to he about 561mm.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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