Volume 11, Issue 41 (fall 2007)                   2007, 11(41): 227-236 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (22564 Views)
Thirty soybean cultivars from different maturity groups were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with four replications in Research Station of College of Agriculture at Tehran University in Karaj in 2004. The purpose was to determine genetic relationship of some important agronomic traits related to seed yield. Analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences among varieties for the traits under study, indicating the existence of genetic variation among varieties. Number of pods/plant, number of seeds/plant and 100-seed weight, all of which are considered yield components, had the highest genotypic correlation with seed yield. Using stepwise regression analysis, 85.6 % of seed yield variation was attributed to four traits, including harvest index, biological yield, protein precent and number of seeds /plant. Harvest index was more important for predicting seed yield compared to other traits based on standardized ßs. Results of path analysis showed that the harvest index and protein precentage had the highest and lowest direct and positive effect (p=0.536), (p=0.008), respectively. Therefore, harvest index may be considered as a selection criteria to improve seed yield in breeding programs. Results of factor analysis showed five independent factors accounted for 80.2 % of total variations in data. The first principle determined 28.2 % of total variation and was designated as phenologic factor.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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