Volume 11, Issue 42 (winter 2008)                   2008, 11(42): 451-461 | Back to browse issues page

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  Tillage is one of the important managing factors that can destroy or improve soil structure. Soil structure is affected by the machines and shape of the wheels. Field experiments were conducted at Hamadan Agricultural Research Station on a coarse loamy mixed mesic Calcixerolic Xerocrepts soil to measure and evaluate the effects of tillage and wheel-induced compaction on selected soil physical properties. Treatments included tillage methods (Moldboard Plow and Chisel Plow, (MP, CP)) performed using three customary tractors in Iran [John Deer (J), Romany (R) and Massey Ferguson ( MF) ]. Traffic zone and non traffic zone were other treatments. A split-plot design with three replications was used in a completely randomized arrangement of treatments. Soil samples were taken at the end of wheat growth season in traffic and non- traffic zone and from four layers and compared for bulk density (BD), cone index (CI), and mean weight diameter (MWD). The influence of both tillage methods on BD in most soil depths was not significant, meanwhile, BD was higher in the deeper layers. Wheel traffic did not affect BD significantly, but its effect decreased by increasing the depth. Commonly, conservation tillage increased structural stability as evaluated by MWD. Cone index illustrated the same trend as for BD, with some variation because of it higher sensitivity, so it was significantly was increased in CP rather than in MP for the traffic zone. Such a difference was not observed in non-traffic zone. The CI was also significantly increased in traffic zone compared with non-traffic zone. J significantly increased CI in two first layer in comparing with MF, but there was not significant difference between J and R. The MWD was increased by chisel plow in non-traffic zone and this increment was significant in fourth soil layer (22.5- 30 cm). Wheel traffic caused the increase of MWD in the second layer and significant difference was not observed in other layers. Overall, R caused less destruction in soil structure and tillage methods changed some of soil physical properties.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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