Volume 12, Issue 46 (fall 2009)                   JCPP 2009, 12(46): 737-756 | Back to browse issues page


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Mirzaee M, Ruy S, Ghazavi G, Bogner C. A Study of Soil Microtopography Using Photogrammetry and Laser-Scaning Methods. JCPP. 2009; 12 (46) :737-756
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1156-en.html

Abstract:   (19925 Views)
At present, soil surface characteristics (SSC) are recognised as key parameters controlling infiltration rates, runoff generation and erosion. Microtopography of surface among SSC is the main one. The work presented in this paper is based on a set of digital elevation models (DEMs) supplied by two different methods: Laser roughness-meter and photogrammetry method. We used two maquettes. The used maquettes correspond to varying roughness (rough and soft roughness). These methods were compared using different statistical parameters of SSC such as heights and slopes histograms. In addition, we studied estimation of Random Roughness (RR) coefficient and Maximum Depression Storage (MDS). RR is considered as an indicator of microtopography and it is one of the main parameters influencing erosion and runoff-infiltration processes. The obtained RR by photogrammetry method showed, on average, 10 percent difference from laser method for soft maquette and 5 percent for the rough maquette. The range of this difference for the MDS varies from 2 to 34 percent, i.e., maximum 0.17 millimetres. In this study, photogrammetric method gives the DEMs with a lower slope for the rough maquette (on average 40.5 versus 46 for the laser method) and higher slope for the soft maquette (about 23.5 versus 20.7 for the laser method). The results showed the DEMs provided by photogrammetric method is able to perform accurate estimation for RR and provides good estimation for the MDS. Therefore, it can be useful in erosion and hydraulic studies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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