Volume 3, Issue 8 (6-2013)                   JCPP 2013, 3(8): 115-126 | Back to browse issues page


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Khodaeian N, Zahedi M. Effects of Row Spacing and Plant Density on Yield and Yield Components of Sweet Corn in Climatic Conditions of Isfahan. JCPP. 2013; 3 (8) :115-126
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1829-en.html

Dept. of Agron. and Plant Breed., College of Agric., Isf. Univ. Technol., Isfahan, Iran. , mzahedi@cc.iut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5470 Views)
To evaluate the effects of row spacing and plant density on yield and yield components of sweet corn, variety KSC403, an experiment was conducted in Research Farm of Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran, in 2007, as randomized complete block design with a split-plot layout and three replications. The main plots were allocated to two row spacing (60 and 75 cm) and the sub-plots accommodated four levels of plant density (50000, 70000, 90000 and 110000 plants per ha). There was significant increase in leaf area index, shoot dry weight, 100-grain fresh weight and grain fresh yield, as row width was decreased from 75 to 60 cm but the plant height was decreased. There was no significant effect of row spacing on number of rows per ear, number of grains per row and number of grains per ear. Plant height, leaf area index, shoot dry weight per m2 and number of ears per m2 were increased with an increase in plant density. The number of rows per ear, number of grains per row, number of grains per ear, 100-grain fresh weight and grain fresh yield were significantly higher under plant densities of 90000 and 110000 as compared to 50000 and 70000 plants per ha. There was significant interaction between row spacing and plant density for leaf area index, shoot dry weight, number of grains per ear, 100-grain fresh weight and grain fresh yield. Under all plant densities, the grain fresh yield was higher in 60-cm row width compared to 70-cm row width. However, the difference between these two row spacing was not significant in plant densities of 50000 and 110000 plants per ha. The highest grain fresh yield (33940 kg/ha) was achieved under row spacing 60 cm and 70000 plants per ha and the least grain fresh yield (20750 kg/ha) was obtained in under 75 cm row width and 110000 plants per ha. Considering the obtained results of this experiment, to have maximum grain fresh yield of sweet corn under Isfahan climate, the row spacing of 60 cm and plant density of 70000 plants per ha is recommended.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General

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