Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2003)                   JCPP 2003, 7(1): 115-127 | Back to browse issues page

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M. Golabadi, A. Arzani. Study of Genetic Variation and Factor Analysis of Agronomic Traits in Durum Wheat. JCPP. 2003; 7 (1) :115-127
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-388-en.html
Abstract:   (11035 Views)
Genetic variation of 300 genotypes of durum wheat comprising CIMMYT/ICARDA and Iranian germplasm was evaluated in 1999-2000 at Researh Farm of College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology located at Lavark, NaJaf-Abad. Days to heading, days to maturity, plant height, spike length, grain weight per spike, number of grain per spike, number of spikes per m2, 1000-grain weight, test weight, grain yield, biological yield, and harvest index were recorded. Coefficients of correlation, step-wise regression, factor analysis and cluster analysis of characters and genotypes were conducted using the studied traits. Results indicated that considerable genetic variations exist for the traits and, in particular for grain yield, harvest index, number of spikes per unit area and number of grain per spike. Grain yield had a positive and significant correlation with days to heading, days to maturity, number of grain per spike and grain weight per spike. Factor analysis for the genotypes detected 6 factors, which explained 76.7 percent of the total variation among data. These factors basically involved potential of assimilate distribution, different aspects of plant storage, source-sink relationships, plant height and tillering potential. Cluster analysis was similar to factor analysis in grouping the characters. According to cluster analysis, the genotypes were calssified into 6 clusters with significant differences among all groups. Mean comparisons of traits in these groups showed that genotypes of groups 5 and 6 were superior in grain yield and harvest index and are beneficial to the local durum breeding objectives.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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