Volume 10, Issue 4 (winter 2007)                   2007, 10(4): 179-196 | Back to browse issues page

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Z. Adavi, M. Mobli, K. Razmjoo, E. Landi. Effects of Salinity of Irrigation Water on Cynodon spp. Cultivars Grown on Salty Soil in Isfahan. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2007; 10 (4) :179-196
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-615-en.html
Abstract:   (16865 Views)
In order to study the effects of salinity of irrigation water on the growth and quality of 10 bermudagrass cultivars under saline soil, a factorial plot experiment using a complete randomized block design with three replications was carried out at College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology in 2002-2003. Ten cultivars under five levels of irrigation water salinity (3.30, 6.93, 10.2, 14.8, 17.8 dsm-1) were studied. During experiment, visual appearance of color (1 to 9, best 9), and leaf area, shoot and root dry weights and length and number of stolones were measured. Results showed that salinity of irrigation water affected color of different cultivars, such that with increase in the level of salinity, color decreased. Cultivars showed better color in August, but lower color in January. Annual mean indexes showed that ISF2 and Tifdwarf had highest and lowest color, respectively. Also, with increase in salinity levels, leaf area, foliage dry weight, length and number of stolones reduced. With increase in salinity of irrigation water from 3.30 to 10.2 dsm-1 root dry weight increased, but reduced in higher salinity levels. Due to significant interaction effects between salinity and cultivars for most traits, the responses of cultivars were different. Large differences observed between cultivars for most of traits indicated high genetic variation among the studied bermudagrass cultivars. Under high level of salinity conditions, JP2 and Tifway for foliage dry weight, 3200W18-4 and ISF2 for root dry weight, and cultivars Midlawn and 3200W18-4 for leaf area, were recognized as more tolerant than others.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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