Volume 5, Issue 3 (fall 2001)                   2001, 5(3): 65-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Noushad H, Ronaghi A, Karimian N. Improving N Use Efficiency in Grain Cron Using Soil Nitrate Test and Leaf Chlorophyll Content. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2001; 5 (3) :65-78
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-65-en.html
Abstract:   (39906 Views)

Nitrogen fertilizer application for corn (Zea mays L.) based on available N of soil can decrease the need to N fertilizer and, consequently, reduce the risk of environmental pollution, especially that of groundwater and drinking water. The objectives of this study were i) determining soil N03-N critical level at 4 to 6 leaf stage, ii) to study soil nitrate distribution, iii) determining N rate required for maximum corn grain yield, iv) measuring soil residual nitrate nitrogen after harvesting, and v) using hand chlorophyll meter to evaluate N status of corn. The experiment was conducted under field conditions in Bajgah and Kooshkak research stations (Fars Province) in 1996 using a split plot randomized complete block design with four replications. Main plots were control, 60, 120, and 180 kg N ha-1 as urea. At 4 to 6 leaf stage each main plot was divided into two sub-plots and N was applied at 60 kg N ha-1 rate to one sub-plot and the other sub-plot was left as control.

 Results showed that critical soil N03-N level at 4 to 6 leaf stage in 0-30 cm depth for 90 percent relative yield in Bajgah was 12-14 and for Kooshkak was 8-10 mg kg-1 soil. The highest coefficient of determination between corn grain yield and soil N03-N in 0-30 cm depth for Bajgah was in furrow sample and for Kooshkak was in furrow and shoulder composite sample. In both sites, maximum corn grain yield, with 15.5% moisture content, was about 14 mg ha-1 that was obtained through the application of 120 kg N ha-1 as preplant plus 60 kg N ha-1 as sidedress which is about 1/2 of the application rate used by local farmers. The highest residual soil N03-N after harvesting was 24 and 18 and the lowest was 2.6 and 3 mg kg-1 soil for Bajgah and Kooshkak soils, respectively. When maximum corn grain yield was obtained, chlorophyll meter reading at the middle of leaf blade at dough stage, was 49 for both sites. It seems that N fertilizer application rate by local farmers is excessive.

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