Volume 4, Issue 1 (spring 2000)                   JCPP 2000, 4(1): 105-118 | Back to browse issues page

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Vatankhah M, Edriss M. Performance Estimation and Study of Some Environmental Reproductive Traits in Bakhtiari Sheep. JCPP. 2000; 4 (1) :105-118
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-128-en.html
Abstract:   (10257 Views)

In this study 2510 records of reproductive traits from the mating of 879 ewes with 164 rams of Bakhtiari sheep breed, during 1989 to 1997, were used in order to estimate the effects of environmental factors on their reproductive performance.

The mean and standard errors of reproductive traits were as follows: conception rate, 0.9±0.01 number of lambs born per ewe exposed, 1.06±0.01 number of lambs born alive per ewe exposed, 1.01 ±0.0l, number of lambs weaned per ewe exposed, 0.93±0.01 litter size alive at birth, 1.10±0.01 litter size at weaning, 1.01±0.02 and number of lambs weaned per lambing ewe, 1.09±0.01. The effect of joining year was highly significant (P, 0.01) for all of the considered reproductive traits. Age of ewe at joining time was also a significant (P<0.05 and 0.01) source of variation for most of the reproductive traits. Maximum reproductive performance occurred for ewes of 4 to 5 years of age. Mating time was also a significant factor (P<0.05 and 0.01) for all of the reproductive traits. Maximum reproductive performance occurred for ewes mated during the first half of the mating season. Type of birth was a highly significant factor (P<0.0l) for the number of lambs alive and weaning traits. However, due to significant effects of environmental factors on considered traits, and in order to increase reproductive efficiency, one should improve environmental conditions (barn, management, feeding system and ... ) as well as organizing mating plan for the first half of the mating season and make a suitable age combination of ewe herd. In this combination, decreasing the percentage of ewes older than five years could benefit herd performance.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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