Volume 5, Issue 2 (summer 2001)                   2001, 5(2): 65-74 | Back to browse issues page

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Honarnejad R, shoai-Deylami M, Mesbah M. Genetics of Resistance to Blue Mould (Peronospora tabacina Adam) of Tobacco. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2001; 5 (2) :65-74
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-183-en.html
Abstract:   (27170 Views)

In order to analyze the genetics of tobacco cultivars’ resistance to blue mould (Peronospora tabacina A.) and to estimate the combining ability of the four resistant and susceptible tobacco cultivars (Bel 61-10, Bergerac C, Samsoun and Trumpf) received from CORESTA, these cultivars were crossed in 1997 in a half-diallel crossing system and in 1998 their parents and their progenies were sowed. Also to estimate gene effects controlling resistance and susceptibility of cultivars and to obtain F2, BC1 and BC2 generations, F1 generation was selfed and backcrossed with their parents. In 1999, the six generations (P1, P2, F1, F2, BC1 and BC2) from six families were evaluated in a complete block design with 3 replications and the resistance of genotypes against Peronospora tabacina were evaluated by the standard method of CORESTA and the parents with their F1 and F2 progenies were analyzed as a 4×4 half-diallel crossing system.

The ANOVA showed significant differences among genotypes concerning resistance to Peronospora tabacina and the generation means analysis indicated fit of families Bel 61-10 x Bergerac C and Bel 61-10 x Trumpf with additive-dominance model. The rest of the families showed non-allelic digenic interactions (epistasis) and were fit to 6-parameter model of Mather and Jinks. Because of moderate to high narrow sense heritability of resistance to Peronospora tabacina (from 34 to 85% for different families), the selection of resistant lines may be successful. The results showed significant GCA of parents for the resistance to Peronospora tabacina. So, the role of additive effects of genes concerning resistance to Peronospora tabacina was recognized and the estimated heritability (in the narrow sense) was from 72% to 75% for this trait.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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