Volume 4, Issue 14 (3-2015)                   2015, 4(14): 133-145 | Back to browse issues page

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Karmollachaab A, Bakhshandeh A, Gharineh M H, Moradi Telavat M R, Fathi G. Effect of Silicon application on Morpho-physiological Characteristics, Grain Yield and Nutrient Content of Bread Wheat under Water Stress Conditions. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2015; 4 (14) :133-145
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-2275-en.html
Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Ramin, Iran. , azizchaab@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4825 Views)
In order to investigate the effect of silicon application on some physiological characteristics, yield and yield components, and grain mineral contents of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) under water stress condition, an experiment was conducted in Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University, Khuzestan, in 2012. The experiment was arranged in split-plots design in RCBD (Completely Randomized Blocks Design) with three replications. Treatments consisted of drought stress (irrigation after 25, 50 and 75% depletion of Available Water Content) in main plots and silicon (0, 10, 20 and 30 Kg Si ha-1) arranged in sub-plots. Results showed that the effect of drought stress was significant on most traits and led to the increase of electrolyte leakage (EL), cuticular wax, leaf and grain silicon content and grain nitrogen content. But drought led to negative impacts on grain yield and its components, and leaf potassium content, i.e. moderate and severe stresses reduced yield by 17% and 38% compared to control, respectively. Effect of silicon application was significant on all traits except for spike per square meter. Silicon had the greatest impact on EL and led to 35% decrease in this trait. Also, silicon led to increase in leaf and grain silicon contents and grain K content and grain yield and yield components, when applied at 30 kg ha-1. Generally, application of 30 kg ha-1 of silicon led to 6 and 14% increases of grain yield at the presence of moderate and severe drought stresses, respectively. Thus, given the abundance of silicon it can be used as an ameliorating element for planting bread wheat in drought-prone conditions.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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