Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2003)                   2003, 7(1): 19-31 | Back to browse issues page

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H. Afzalimehr, M. Heidarpour, S. H. Farshi. Resistance to Flow in Gravel-Bed Rivers. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2003; 7 (1) :19-31
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-381-en.html
Abstract:   (33295 Views)
In this study, two data ranges of uniform flow (bulk parameters) and non-uniform flow (local parameters) are employed to investigate resistance to flow and the factors affecting it using velocity distribution of boundary layer theory. The results indicate that the cross-section form factor or adjustment roughness coefficient of logarithmic law can not improve the prediction of flow resistance. On the other hand, it is possible to ameliorate the prediction of resistance to flow by application of the Froude number and the Shields parameter along with the integration constant of the logarithmic velocity distribution. Also, there is no improvement in flow resistance prediction by taking into account power equations. On the other hand, the application of boundary-layer characteristics such as displacement thickness and momentum thickness in velocity profile can remove the risk of spurious correlation. Based on the measured velocity profiles for non-uniform flow in Gamasiab river, a new flow resistance equation is suggested in which the following bulk parameters are considered: flow depth, maximal velocity at the water surface, and friction slope.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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