Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2003)                   2003, 7(1): 141-153 | Back to browse issues page

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Z. Abbasi, G. Saeidi, A. F. Mirlohi. Relationship Between Seed Colour and Linolenic Acid with Seed Yield and Yield Components of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) in Isfahan. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2003; 7 (1) :141-153
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-390-en.html
Abstract:   (23861 Views)
Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.), an oilseed crop, is widely adapted and grown in many regions of the world. Oil from regular flaxseed is used as an industrial drying oil because of the high level of linolenic acid (>50 %). However, the oils from new mutant genotypes of flax with a very low linolenic acid concentration (<2 %) are edible. Yellow seed colour can be used as a visual marker to distinguish edible-oil genotypes of flax from those of industrial type that are usually brown-seeded. In this study, different lines of flax with two seed colours (yellow and brown) in combination with two levels of linolenic acid (high and low) were evaluated in a randomized complete block design for agronomic traits, especially seed yield and its components. The results indicated that lines with high linolenic acid concentration had significantly higher seed yield than those with low linolenic acid. However, other characteristics including those of seed yield components were not siginficantly affected by linolenic acid concentration. Seed colour had a significant effect on number of seedling/m2, basal branches, capsules per plant and seed yield per plant. Although seedling emergence was lower in yellow-seeded lines, they had more basal branches, capsules per plant and seed yield per plant. Higher seed yield per plant in yellow-seeded lines can be attributed to higher number of capsules per plant as a result of lower seedling emergence and plant density. Seed yield was not significantly different between brown and yellow-seeded lines. Thus, the effect of lower plant density in yellow-seeded lines was compensated by their higher basal branches and number of capsules per plant.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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