Volume 7, Issue 3 (fall 2003)                   2003, 7(3): 225-234 | Back to browse issues page

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Z. Ahmadzadeh, B. Hatami. Comparison of the Effects of Three Insecticides and Release of Green Lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Steph.), against Nymphal Stages of Greenhouse Whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum West. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2003; 7 (3) :225-234
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-457-en.html
Abstract:   (9580 Views)
Greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum West. is one of the most important pests of the field crops and ornamental plants in greenhouses. Pest control is based on using chemical insecticides and biological control agents. In this study, the efficiency of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea ( Steph.) with release ratios of 1:1, 1:5, 1:10, 1:15, and 1:20 (predator:prey) using eggs in chrysobag and the effect of three insecticides including Confidor (35% Sc), Permethrin (25% Ec) and Dimilin (25% Wp) at concentrations of 0.3 ml/l, 0.3 ml/l and 0.15 g/l in water, respectively, were investigated. In one experiment, the eggs of the green lacewing were released on tomato plants that were infested with 150 different nymphal instars of the pest. Control treatment included chrysobag whithout any egg. After 11 days, nymphal mortality was calculated. In insecticidal experiments, in control treatment, only water was sprayed. Both experiments were conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replications in a greenhouse with 25±5 °C, 50-60% RH and 14:10 LD period light conditions. The means of data were compared using Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results showed that the maximum nymphal mortality of 52.42% was due to the release ratio of 1:1 (predator:prey) however, this was not sufficient and did not control the pest population. The results of the chemical control also revealed that one application of Confidor caused the highest mortality about 88% that was more effective in reducing pest population compared with the release of predator eggs. Neither method had absolute control. In general, results indicated that to be more effective the two methods need to be applied more than once, and they must be combined into one or with other control methods.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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