Volume 7, Issue 4 (winter 2004)                   2004, 7(4): 215-224 | Back to browse issues page

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M. A. Samia, K. Kamali, A. A. Talebi, Y. Fathipour. A Comparative Study of the Population Parameters of Local Populations of Bemisia tabaci in Iran. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2004; 7 (4) :215-224
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-496-en.html
Abstract:   (21567 Views)
The population parameters of sweet potato white fly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) (Hom.: Aleyrodidae), which is an important pest of cotton fields, were studied during 2001. The infected leaves containing nymphs and pupae were collected from Darab, Qom, Saveh, Gonbad, Gorgan, Varamin, Garmsar, Orsoiieh (Kerman), and Shooshtar cotton fields. Experiments were conducted in a growth chamber under 24±.2ºC, 55%±3RH and 16:8 (L:D) photoperiod on cotton, a Gossypium hirsutum L. (Varamin 76 variety). The newly emerged populations of each locality were released into a large cage set on cotton plants separately. Population parameters of 40 mated females were calculated for each local population. Intrinsic rates of increase (r) for Darab, Qom, Saveh, Gonbad, Gorgan, Varamin, Garmsar, Orsoiieh and Shooshtar were 0.0401, 0.0719, 0.0750, 0.0602, .0682, 0.0774, 0.0876, 0.0751 and 0.0988, respectively. Doubling times (DT) were 17.26, 9.63, 9.24, 11.51, 10.16, 8.94, 7.91, 9.22 and 7.083 days, respectively, and mean generation times (Tc) were calculated to be 28.72, 28.9, 28.74, 28.3, 28.68, 27.53, 29.12, 28.21 and 26.84 days, respectively. Other population parameters such as finite rate of increase (λ), intrinsic birth rate (b), intrinsic death rate (d), and stable age distribution were also calculated. The results revealed that there were significant differences between population parameters in local populations. The parameter (r) was the least in Darab and the greatest in Shooshtar populations.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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