Volume 11, Issue 41 (fall 2007)                   2007, 11(41): 91-101 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

A. Safadoust, M. R. Mosaddeghi, A. A. Mahboubi, A. Nouroozi, Gh. Asadian. Short-Term Tillage and Manure Influences on Soil Structural Properties. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2007; 11 (41) :91-101
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-729-en.html
Abstract:   (26896 Views)
The increased potential for soil erosion and compaction due to continuous row crop production and intensive tillage is causing some concern and has led to the consideration of reduced tillage techniques as part of the solution. The objective of this study was to investigate the short-term (one-year) influences of different management practices on the physical properties of a sandy loam soil under corn crop. Treatments were the combinations of three tillage systems (no-till, NT chisel plow, CP and moldboard plow, MP) and three composted cattle manure rates [0, 30 and 60 ton (dry weight) ha-1]. The experiment was carried out in a split-plot design. Three replicates of the treatments were applied in a randomized block design. Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks), total porosity (TP), macro-porosity (Macro-P), micro-porosity (Micro-P) of soil and mean weight diameter (MWD) of aggregates, were measured to a depth of 22.5 cm when 100 percent of the tassels appeared. Tillage and manure combination had significant effects on Log[ Ks], TP, Macro-P and Micro-P. The MP system increased pore space and continuity due to complete inversion and loosening, and as a result Ks, TP, Macro-P and Micro-P were higher than NT system. Higher Macro-P observed for CP might have caused higher Ks versus MP. Reduced tillage systems increased MWD and the increment of manure caused an increase in MWD over all tillage treatments. The results indicate short-term positive effects of manure application on soil pore size characteristics and aggregate stability under moldboard and chisel plowings in the region.
Full-Text [PDF 220 kb]   (1561 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.