Volume 11, Issue 42 (winter 2008)                   JCPP 2008, 11(42): 475-488 | Back to browse issues page

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Tahmaseby F, Hosseinpur A. Kinetics of Changes in Extractable Phosphorus in Some Soils of Hamadan. JCPP. 2008; 11 (42) :475-488
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-803-en.html
Abstract:   (10363 Views)

  Soil properties play a significant role in phosphorus (P) sorption. Information about P sorption is limited in Hamadan soils. The objectives of this research were to study the P sorption in twelve soils of Hamadan, assess the capability of different kinetics equations describing P sorption and correlate the P sorption characteristics with the soil properties. The soils were fertilized with 200 mg P kg-1 as KH2PO4. Fertilized soil was incubated at 25±1 ˚C for 2520 h. The incubated samples at 1, 2, 4, 8, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, 168, 240, 336, 504, 672, 840, 1008, 1176, 1344, 1512, 1680, 1848, 2016, 2186, 2352, 2520 hours after P addition were extracted by two extractants. The soil phosphorous was extracted by 0.5 M sodium bicarbonate (Olsen solution) or by AB-DTPA. Zero order, first order, simplified Elovich equation, parabolic diffusion law and power function equations were fitted on the experimental data. The results showed that P sorption was initially rapid followed by a slow phase. The amounts of P sorption after 2520 h, ranged from 162.7 to 253.84 and 193.37 to 235.11 mg kg-1 for the Olsen and AB-DTPA methods, respectively. Regarding to higher determination coefficient and lower standard error, Elovich and power function equations were suitable to describe P sorption kinetics. Rate constants of the Elovich and power function equations ranged from 0.036 to 0.49 and 0.157 to 0.304 mg kg-1h-1 for Olsen and from 0.074 to 0.76 and 0.184 to 0.382 mg kg-1h-1 for AB-DTPA. The trend of the data implied a discontinuity in slope at 336 h, as two region models might better satisfy the trend of the data in to two range ( 0 to 336 and 336 to 2500 hr). At the first section, the P sorption could be describe by simplified Elovich, power function and parabolic diffusion law kinetics equations. Rate constants in these equations varied among the soils. At the second section, kinetics equations could not describe the P sorption. The results of this study indicated that P sorption rates varied among the soils and Fe , Al and CaCo3 affected on P sorption kinetics.

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