Volume 12, Issue 43 (spring 2008)                   2008, 12(43): 47-55 | Back to browse issues page

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Hojat Ansari R, Hasanpour Asil M, Hatamzadeh A, Rabiei B, Roofigari haghighat S. Variations in Theaflavin and Thearubigin During Fermentation Time and their Effects on Brightness and Total Color in Black Tea. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2008; 12 (43) :47-55
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-820-en.html
Abstract:   (21680 Views)
Variations in theaflavin and thearubigin content during fermentation and the effects of these variations on brightness and total color in black tea were evaluated at the Tea Research Center in Lahijan in the year 2004.  Percentages of theaflavin (TF), thearubigin (TR), total color and brightness were determined in two clones 100 and in the natural Chinese hybrid during flushing in the months of June, August and October and different fermentation time (30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 minutes). It is evident from the results obtained that apart from genetic differences in the clones under study, changes in climatic conditions during different periods of flushing and fermentation time can to a great extent influence the amount of TF, TR, total color and brightness in black tea. Results obtained also indicated significant interacting effects of clones, different flushing and fermentation times on the quality-determining characteristics of black tea. No significant correlations were found between TR and brightness however, significant correlations were found between other characteristics studied at the 1% probability level. On the basis of regression analysis with fermentation time (independent variable) and each of the characteristics studied (dependent variable), linear relationships were detected between fermentation time and brightness and TF content. Multi-variable regression analysis between brightness (dependent variable) and TF and TR (independent variables) showed that more than 56% of variations in brightness in black tea was related to TF and TR. Also multi-variable regression analysis between total color (dependent variable) and TF and TR (independent variable) indicated that more than 43% of variations in total color in black tea can be attributed to TF and TR percentages
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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