Volume 11, Issue 42 (winter 2008)                   2008, 11(42): 515-523 | Back to browse issues page

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Taebi A, Jeirani K, Mirlohi A, Zadeh Bafghi A. Phytoremediation of Cyanide-Polluted Soils by Non-woody Plants. Journal of Crop Production and Processing 2008; 11 (42) :515-523
URL: http://jcpp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-806-en.html
Abstract:   (29322 Views)

  Some industrial processes, such as plating and gold mining, utilize cyanide, which entering in their effluents. Because cyanide compounds are toxic contaminants, the waste-containing cyanide must be treated before discharge in the environment. Several methods are available for cyanide removal or detoxification. Natural degradation, alkaline chlorination, and oxidation with hydrogen peroxide are the most common methods in full-scale plants. Because of technical and economical concerns related to these methods, biological treatment processes have recently come under consideration. In phytoremediation, plants potential for pollutant removal is used. The main objective of present study is to investigate feasibility and potential of phytoremediation of cyanide-polluted soils by non-woody plants. The experiments carried out in this study were a completely random factorial design procedure, with three replications. Three non-woody plants: sorghum (as a cyanogenic cereal plant) and fescues with and free of endophyte (as grasses), were examined. Analysis of variance of the data obtained on soil cyanide reduction and cyanide accumulation in plants showed that phytoremediation is a suitable technique for low concentration of cyanide-polluted soils. Besides, it was been found that sorghum has a better soil cyanide removal efficiency than fescues, so that a significant portion of soil cyanide will accumulate in sorghum tissues.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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